Your first step is to decide which trades belong on your remodeling team. Complex jobs -- those that involve more than one
room or that entail moving walls or building new space -- may benefit from the participation of several professionals.
You'll certainly want to consider an architect-contractor duo or a design-build company for a big job. You might also
bring in a kitchen or bath designer or interior designer. On the other hand, a designer or designer-builder may be your
single source for a simple job.
Architect - An architect will develop a design, refer you to contractors, help you select a contractor, and oversee
the construction to make sure the plans are followed. On large jobs, the architect's fee usually is a percentage of the
construction cost. On smaller jobs, the architect may charge an hourly fee. Some architects will work on a consulting basis
-- creating finished plans from your sketches or shepherding plans through the engineering and approval process.
Contractor - Once you have an architectural plan, the contractor makes it happen. The contractor reviews the drawings
and specifications, providing a cost estimate to you and your architect. Then, the contractor's crews -- or the subcontractors
that he or she selects and supervises -- tear out old components, move and upgrade the plumbing and electrical systems as
necessary, and complete the new construction.
On most jobs, contractors charge a fixed price; changes are estimated and billed along the way. If you want more flexibility to
design as you go, time-and-materials payment (a running tab of labor and materials charges) is an option.
Design-Build Company - These one-stop companies provide both design and construction services. Some have staff architects,
and others supervise consulting architects they've handpicked. Most design-build firms have their own carpentry crews, but
schedule subcontractors for the plumbing and electrical work. A benefit of design-build firms is that they keep communication
simple: From design through completion, you're dealing with just one company and one team of individuals who are used to working
together. Most designer-builders charge a design fee up front, but then credit it to the price of the job if you hire them to
proceed. Often, the design-build approach costs less than the architect-contractor arrangement.
Kitchen or Bath Specialist - A designer on the staff of a cabinetry or product showroom, especially one with certified
skills, will produce a complete room design or flesh out the rough plan drawn by your architect. Dealer staff or subcontractors
will install cabinets and counters. Most showrooms do not charge a separate design fee; their flat fee for products and
installation also covers the design work. If you're not looking for construction help, independent designers can provide designs
only without trying to persuade you to hire other fee-based services you don't need.
Interior Designer - Don't make the mistake of hiring an interior designer only at the end of the project to select
finishes and furnishings. The designer's role varies, from making product recommendations to drafting layout plans and
helping you make smart decisions about allocating your remodeling dollars.
The designer may also help choose a contractor and oversee construction. Consulting designers charge an hourly fee. Those who
have bigger roles may charge a flat fee and/or a percentage of the cost of products purchased.